The Way we Were


Time Regained VI pp 1-27

p 1-4 | the two ways (in French, with photos; translation to come); also here.
p 7: Chinese porcelain bowl

p 7 | ... Léa dressed as a man... (cross-dressing)

p 8 |... Pascal's gulf.... From a poem titled "Le Gouffre"  ("The Gulf"), the opening lines of Baudelaire:

"Pascal avait son gouffre, avec lui se mouvant.
— Hélas! tout est abîme, — action, désir, rêve,"

"Pascal had his abyss that moved along with him.
— Alas! all is abysmal, — action, desire, dream,"

p 12 | Marienbad: Mariánské Lázně, a spa town in the Czech Republic. Most of its buildings are from its Golden Era in the second half of the 19th century, when celebrities & European rulers came to enjoy the curative carbon dioxide springs.

p 17 | Empress Theodora: (c.497-548 AD), powerful Byzantine empress, wife of Justinian I, said to have been a low-born actress.

p 21 | ...battle of Ulm...: on 16–19 October 1805 was a series of skirmishes that allowed Napoleon I to trap an entire Austrian army under the command of Karl Freiherr Mack von Leiberich with minimal losses and to force its surrender near Ulm in the Electorate of Bavaria  (wiki).  The Battle of Lule Burgas (1912) was here in the First Balkan War. (Sidenote: its emperor was Theodosius I. We see the fictional Theodosius II visit Paris twice during the novel.)

p 23 | La Fille aux yeux d'or (The Girl with the Golden Eyes): 1835 novel by Balzac, part of La Comédie humaine.

p 25 | Joseph Fourier (1768–1830) was a French mathematician and physicist known for initiating the investigation of Fourier series & their applications to problems of heat transfer and vibrations. The Fourier transform and Fourier's law are also named in his honor; also generally credited with discovering the greenhouse effect.

p 25 | Tobolsk is a town in Tyumen Oblast, Russia, located at the confluence of the Tobol and Irtysh Rivers. Founded in 1590, Tobolsk is the second oldest Russian settlement east of the Ural Mountains in Asian Russia, and is a historic capital of the Siberia region. In the early 1900s, it was famous as the administrative center of Grigori Rasputin's home province, and is located close to his birthplace 

p 26 | the Goncourt Brothers produced the Goncourt Journal together from 1850-1870, then by Edmond alone till 1896. It was a candid chronicle of the literary and artistic Parisian world in which they lived. Proust paid the Journal a tribute by including a pastiche* of it in Time Regained. Some say the Journal's obsessive chronicling of the most minute details of its authors' social lives and rendering of them into literary art anticipates Proust's novel.  (wiki) 

* A pastiche is a work of visual art, literature, theatre, or music that imitates the style or character of the work of one or more other artists. Unlike parody, pastiche celebrates, rather than mocks, the work it imitates. (wiki)


Interesting Random Links to the Man & the Novel

Paul Murray, author of Skippy Dies, is reading Proust.
Angel: What are you reading? Murray: I’m reading Within a Budding Grove. Proust.
Angel: Is In Search of Lost Time a book you’ve meant to read for a long time and finally got around to reading?  Murray: Well, actually I was pretty daunted by it, so I’d set it by for my retirement. But the book I’m working on now has a French narrator so I thought I should bone up on French culture. I’m reading it in English, but I thought that this was a key text and it is the key text. I’m realizing while I’m reading it that it is so influential. 
Angel: Which translation are you reading? Murray: I’m reading the Scott Moncrieff translation.  
Angel: How many hours a day do you devote to that? Murray: Nabokov wrote an essay about the first volume in which he says, “In Search of Lost Time makes up 4,000 pages which are about a month’s reading.” That’s Nabokov. It took me a month to read the first volume. The sentences are so convoluted you have to read almost every single one twice. The first time round you’re just looking for the verb, then you go back and work out what he’s talking about. So it’s slow going. And I’m reading other stuff, too. {....}


The Fugitive V pp 752-82

p 754 | All Saints' Day: a Christian festival in honor of all the saints, held (in the Western Church) on November 1.

Mme du Barry
Charles I
p 755 | Charles I at the Hunt by Van Dyck; Mme du Barry

p 769 | Causeries du lundi: Weekly essays by Sainte-Beuve; they were ruminations on authors and their works, with an emphasis on French literature. His reputation as one of the most important French literary critics of the day rested on these columns, in which he guided the literary tastes of the populace.

p 769 | Mme de Boigne: Éléonore-Adèle d’Osmond, Comtesse de Boigne, born at the Château de Versailles in 1781.

p 769 | Le Constitutionnel was a French political and literary newspaper, which published Sainte-Beuve's "Monday Chats" from Oct. 1849 to Nov. 1852 and from Sep. 1861 to Jan. 1867. They were ruminations on authors and their works, with an emphasis on French literature. His reputation as one of the most important French literary critics of the day rested on these columns, in which he guided the literary tastes of the populace.

p 769 | Paul de Noailles, 6th Duke of Noailles (1802–85), historian.

p 770 | Sophie d'Arbouville (1810-50) French poet & novelist.

p 779 | Russo-Japanese War (1904-05)


The Fugitive V pp 732-52

p 736 | "...Venus was the desire of Jove...": Not sure here, but sources say Jove was the father of Venus.
photo: Lionel Allorge

p 737 | Chevreuse Valley, sw of Versailles.

p 742 | Fabrice del Dongo : Romantic hero of Stendhal's La Chartreuse de Parme.

p 744 | paintings by Titian in the Louvre (at left, Woman with a Mirror (c. 1515).

p 746 | (Mme de) Pompadour provided Louis XV...: Wikipedia disputes this here.

p 751 | ... geometry in space..., psychology in time...


The Fugitive V pp 712-32

p 720 | War of 1870 is the name used by the French for the Franco-Prussian War.

p 722 | Gilbert the Bad | see v. 1, p. 145:  "You may depend upon it, Mme. Octave," replied the Curé. "Why, it was just his Lordship himself who started the outcry about the window, by proving that it represented Gilbert the Bad, a Lord of Guermantes and a direct descendant of Geneviève de Brabant, who was a daughter of the House of Guermantes, receiving absolution from Saint Hilaire."  ... "Gilbert's brother, Charles the Stammerer, was a pious prince, but, having early in life lost his father, Pepin the Mad, who died as a result of his mental infirmity, ...Gilbert, wishing to be avenged on Charles, caused the church at Combray to be burned down, the original church, ... Nothing remains of it now but the crypt, into which Théodore has probably taken you, for Gilbert burned all the rest." 

p 725 | Da capo: an Italian musical term that means "from the beginning" (literally, "from the head").

p 731 | Gabriel Fauré: Le Secret (video), song for voice & piano in D flat major, Op. 23/3 (1880-81); Duc de Broglie's Secret du Roi; Golgotha (According to the Gospels, Golgotha was, a site immediately outside Jerusalem's walls where Jesus was crucified... Matthew's and Mark's gospels in Latin rendered Calvariæ Locus, from which the English word Calvary derives, trans. place of skulls, or Proust's Calvus Mons, or Bald Mountain); the Parc des Buttes-Chaumont in NE Paris, is the 5th largest park in the city.

p 732 | Pascal's Pensées : The Pensées ("Thoughts") is a collection of fragments on theology and philosophy written by 17th-century philosopher and mathematician Blaise Pascal.


The Fugitive V pp 695-712

p 706 | Châtellerault : a commune in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in France. It is located in the northeast of the former province Poitou (southwest of Paris).

p 707 | Loire River : France's longest river (171st in the world), 629 miles long, draining nearly 45, 200 square miles (more than a fifth of France's land area). It passes near Châtellerault.

p 710 | Painting of girl with her foot raised... Summer on the Beach (date unknown) by Paul-Gustave Fischer (Danish, 1860-1934). This is not the exact one, but an example.

p 711 | Leda and the Swan, drawing by Emmanuel Benner the Younger (French, 1836–1896)