Sodom and Gomorrah IV pp 177-95

p 189 | Jojotte...: nickname of portrait painter Georges Clarin (1843-1919), who signed the first petition in favor of Dreyfus, after Zola’s “J’accuse” was published. He frequently painted Sarah Bernhardt. (Sturrock)

Atlantic auger 0008 by Edward T. Babinski
 p 190 | "...crenellated turret of its shell...

p 191 | Cours-la-Reine: avenue that runs along the Seine between the Place de la Concorde and the Grand-Palais. (Sturrock)

p 191 | "Beauvais armchair illustrating the Rape of Europa...": this chair and this 1747 painting by François Boucher

p 191-2|"... pictures of society...": Does this refer to Proust's first book, Pleasures and Regrets ? (full French text of Les Plaisirs et les Jours is here)

p 193 | The Consulate ran from 1799 to 1804, with Napoleon the de facto ruler of France as First Consul…; the Direc­tory had lasted from 1795 to the coup d’état of November 1799, when Napoleon seized power. The two regimes fostered distinct cultural styles. (Sturrock)

Firebird by Bakst
p 193 |Sergei Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes created a sensation in Paris from their first appearance there in 1909. Léon Bakst (1866-1924) was the foremost designer of their sets and costumes; Vaslav Nijinsky (1890-1950) was the most celebrated Russian male dancer; Alexandre Benois (1870-1960) was a painter who also designed stage sets; Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971) wrote some of his best-known music for Diaghilev, notably The Firebird and The Rite of Spring; Princess Yourbeletieff is an invented character. (Sturrock)

 p 193 | Aigrette (from the French for egret) refers to the tufted crest or head-plumes of the egret, used for adorning a headdress; also, any similar ornament made of gems.

p 194 | Avatar: A temporary manifestation or aspect of a continuing entity, i.e., occultism in its present avatar.

p 195 |"... gimlet eyes of nationalist ladies..." : sharp or piercing, as this tool.

p 195 | While searching for the Princesse d'Epinoy, I found this wonderful essay on nobility and titles in France.


Sodom and Gomorrah IV pp 162-77

p 163 | ...natural daughter of the Duke of Parma.  This one had quite a number of children.

p 165 | red shoes, maybe like...

p 167 | sleeping tablets... French pharmacies were already quite well stocked. Here are some products & a history (in French)

p 168 | Venetian cloak (at right)

p 168 |cicisbeo (cavaliere servente): professed gallant & lover of a married woman, who attended her at public gatherings.

p 169 | “They’re exaggerating...: a response supposedly based on one actually made by Aimery de La Rochefoucauld when told of the untimely death of his cousin, the brother of Robert de Montesquiou. (Sturrock)

p 173 |Bailleau-le-Pin: a village near Illiers (Combray). (Sturrock)

p 176 | Bell....  in the original, Proust mistakenly writes "Edison."

p 177 | The waving of the scarf is a prearranged signal given by Isolde to Tristan in Act II of Wagner’s opera; the shepherd’s pipe in Act III tells the dying Tristan that Isolde’s ship has sailed. (Sturrock)


Chasing Lost Time: The Life of C. K. Scott Moncrieff: Soldier, Spy, and Translator