The Captive V pp 133-147

The old Palais du Trocadéro
p 134 | The hill of Chaillot was first arranged for the 1867 World's Fair. For the 1878 World's Fair, the (old) Palais du Trocadéro was built here (where meetings of international organizations could be held during the fair). The palace's form was of a large concert hall with 2 wings and 2 towers; its style mixed exotic & historical aspects, generally called "Moorish" but with some Byzantine elements. The architect was Gabriel Davioud.... The building proved unpopular, but the cost of its construction delayed its replacement for nearly fifty years. (Wikipedia)

 p 135 | Empfindung = sensation, feeling, emotion; empfindelei = sentimentality.

p 135 | "...plants which bifurcate..." :

Photo: Parisian Fields

p 146 | "... iron shutters.... lowered..."


p 147 | Booksellers' door of Rouen Cathedral... (Escalier de la Librairie)



The Captive V pp 109-132

p 124 | François Boucher, "The Letter";
Honoré Fragonard "The Harpsichord"

p 124 | History of the Telephone ; Telephone exchanges; Switchboard operators

p 127 | "... angel musicians mounting to the throne of God..." maybe something like....

St John Altarpiece by Memling

detail of Mary, Queen of Heaven
by Master of the Legend of Saint Lucy

p 127 | black satin dress

p 130 | Le Bon Marché (tr. "the good market" or "the good deal") is a department store in Paris. Founded in 1852 by Aristide Boucicaut, it was the first modern department store.
Le Bon Marché


p 131 |  rest cures for neurotics...

p 132 | aerodrome; early aviation


The Captive V pp 84-109

RADICA & DOODICA - The Indian Siamese Twinsp 88 | Rosita/Radica & Doodica: Siamese twins, young Indian girls, exhibited by Barnum's Circus in 1901-2 and at the World's Fair in 1900.

p 90 | 100 francs a day... 5.18 FF - $1 US in 1910, so about $19.30.

p 97 | hook-nosed as in one of Leonardo's caricatures...

p 109 | Vicomte Raymond de Borelli, French soldier & society poet, 1827-1906.


The Captive V pp 64-83

p 70 | Chinchilla toques with big grey veils are hard to find online. Here's a brief history of women's hats.

p 71 | "...young man so learned in matters of racing..."  This is OCTAVE, the young golfer at Balbec, nephew of M. Verdurin.

p 75 | Mme Swann's tea-gowns would look very much like this.

Click here to see a sampling of the Met's collection of clothes made by Callot Soeurs, which is what the Duchesse was wearing and the Narrator was learning about. 

p 78 | The terrifying jumping girl of Balbec was Andrée (seeWithin a Budding Grove, II p. 508).

p 82 | Tamarisk  The genus Tamarix (tamarisk, salt cedar) is composed of about 50–60 species of flowering plants in the family Tamaricaceae, native to drier areas of Eurasia and Africa.

p 83 | "...figures by Benozzo Gozzoli against a greenish background.."  possibly from the Medici family's Magi Chapel in Florence.

Robe du soir Doucet, Paris, 1900-1905
Dressing gown Robe du soir Doucet, Paris, 1900-1905


The Captive V pp 47-64

p 47 | "...yellow dress with big black flowers...":  Or maybe the black dress with the big yellow flowers...

p 47 | "... things from Callot's or Doucet's or Paquin's ...": This wonderful page from the Glamour Daze blog should make everything clear. 

p 48 | Lady Warwick was Daisy Greville, Countess of Warwick, lover of King Edward VII of England. Not sure which Duchess of Marlborough Oriane is referring to; I like this one, so French!

p 52 | The Galeries Lafayette is an upmarket French department store, founded in 1912. Its flagship store is on Boulevard Haussmann in the 9th arrondissement of Paris.

p 52 | This is a little later than the period the book is in... There is some gay French history on the left side of this page.

p 53 | "Xerxes, son of Darius, ordering..." :  After the battle of Salamis, the Persian fleet was destroyed by a storm in the Hellespont.  Xerxes, the King of Persia, is said to have vented his feelings by having his servants beat the sea with rods. 

p 54 | Social classes in 19th century Paris, with a chronology. A little earlier than the book's time setting. Nicely done.

p 54 | "... Jupien's niece had been, when scarcely more than a child, 'in trouble'..." : Consider these historical notes:  1832 - an age of consent is introduced on 28 April, fixed to 11 years for both sexes.
1863 - Age of consent is raised to 13 years.

p 57 | The House of Croy is an international family of European nobility which held a seat in the Imperial Diet from 1486, and was elevated to the rank of Princes of the Holy Roman Empire in 1594. In 1913 the family had branches in Belgium, France, Austria and Prussia.  And the Princes Murat also.

p 59 | hand cramps in violinists -- a real thing!

p 60 | According to this site, before World War I, when France was firmly on the gold standard, a franc was worth about 19 cents, or 5.18 to the dollar.  So, 5000 francs at that time would have been about $950. Earlier, it could have been more, so maybe about $1000.

p 63 | Violinist Jacques Thibaud (1880-1953) can be heard here

p 64 | Syringa is lilac, pronounced like this.  Well, seh-RING-gah.