The Captive V pp 156-168
p 159 | Renaissance Pietà: There are others, but Michaelangelo's is the main one.
p 161 | Prunier Restaurant in Paris specialized in seafood.
p 161 | Here's mackerel! (Il arrive le maquereau) = a pun because maquereau is French slang for a pimp, hence his thought wanders to the chauffeur.
p 161 | Cos lettuce=Romaine
p 162 | Praeceptis salutaribus moniti et divina institutione formati audemus dicere : "Instructed by Thy saving precepts, and following Thy divine institution, we are bold to say..." This is the opening to the Lord's Prayer in the Mass liturgy.
p 162 | Suave mari magno="How pleasant when on a great sea..." (Lucretius). These opening lines of Book II of Lucretius' poem De rerum naturae observe how pleasant it is, when we are on dry land, to watch another man battling to stay afloat in a stormy sea. Though the poet was commending not schadenfreude but philosophical detachment, the phrase is used proverbially to allude to someone who takes pleasure in the suffering of others. Proust, however, seems here to be using it literally and not figuratively. (Clark)
p 163 | Chasselas = White wine grape
p 163 | Rebattet, 12, rue du Faubourg- Saint-Honore. A very
fashionable pastry shop.
p 164 | "... ices not hawked in the street..." : small ices, to be eaten immediately, were certainly sold in the street before 1900: there is a 19th century photo of an ice-cream man with his cart by Eugene Atget. But what the characters are discussing here are sizeable, elaborate iced desserts sold in expensive shops. Scroll down on this page to see an example.
Eugene Atget p 165 | Monte Rosa is a huge ice-covered mountain in the Alps.
p 167 | Scheherazade is the fictional narrator of the Arabian Nights, a book which Proust loved both as a child and as an adult. She made up a new tale for 1001 nights to avoid being killed by the king.
p 168 | "...consecration-cross of his wheel = the steering-wheel of some cars at this time was cruciform, with no outer ring. Others were stylized, with a circle enclosing a cross.
p 168 ff: The Palace at Versailles; Grand Trianon at Versailles;
Petit Trianon at Versailles
Hôtel des Réservoirs at Versailles